What is a Poke Bowl

Feb 7, 2024

Written by Aly Bouzek, MS, RDN
Edited and updated by Sandra Gentleman, RD

What is a Poke Bowl: A Dive Into Hawaii’s Trendy Dish

Pertaining to food trends and growing popularity, the poke bowl is making a name for itself. You may have seen poke bowls pop up on social media, or maybe they’re a new menu item at your favorite restaurant.

But, what is a poke bowl? At its core, a poke bowl is a traditional Hawaiian dish consisting of raw fish placed on top of a base (such as rice) and topped with various vegetables, sauces, and seasonings.

Aptly named poke (pronounced “poh-kay” and rhymes with OK), which means “chunk” or “to cut into pieces” in Hawaiian, this dish offers a mix of textures and flavors that are easily customizable.

Follow along to learn more about this versatile and nutritious dish.

Poke Bowl: Hawaiian Origins

The poke bowl originates from Hawaii – though the exact origin story is unclear. For early and resourceful fishermen, the day’s leftover fish scraps provided an easy source of sustenance.

The dish originated among the native Polynesians who migrated to the Hawaiian Islands sometime between 300 AD and 700 AD. Hawaiians would catch and dice fresh fish and prepare it with simple ingredients they had on hand (usually, sea salt, seaweed, and crushed kukui nuts).

Over time, the dish has evolved and become more complex.

Starting around the late 19th century, poke absorbed influences from various cultures – notably Japan. The immigration of Japanese workers introduced new preparation and seasoning methods to poke. For example, instead of seaweed and sea salt, Japanese immigrants used sesame oil and soy sauce.

When westerners later arrived in Hawaii, they also added their twist to poke by introducing chili peppers, onions, and additional spices.

Today, there are countless variations of poke, each with its own unique blend of ingredients and flavors.

Growing Global Popularity

In recent years, poke has gained immense popularity outside of Hawaii. However, no one can pinpoint the exact reason why poke’s popularity growth was so sudden and quick.

Today, you can find poke in many major cities around the world including Los Angeles, London, and Tokyo. Poke bowls are even more easily accessible as they appear in many restaurants, food trucks, and even in grocery stores.

Poke bowls are typically made with fresh, raw ingredients such as fish, vegetables, and fruits, making them a nutritious meal option. Additionally, consumers can choose their own ingredients and toppings to create a personalized bowl that suits their tastes and dietary preferences.

Poke bowls not only cater to the palate but also offer a nutritious meal, packing lean proteins, complex carbohydrates, and healthy fats into one bowl.

Poke Bowl Ingredients and Variations

There are four main components that make up poke bowls: the base, marinated raw fish, toppings, and sauces. Let’s learn more about each component below.

Base Ingredients

The base of a poke bowl is usually white rice or brown rice. Some poke bowls may use different grains, such as quinoa, or opt for salad greens instead. The rice or grain is typically seasoned with vinegar and sugar to add balance and flavor to the dish.

Protein Options

Raw fish (such as ahi tuna, salmon, or octopus) is cut into pieces to serve as the signature portion of the dish. The seafood can then be marinated with sesame oil and soy sauce.

Common adaptations to raw fish include cooked seafood such as crab or shrimp, or even tofu. These can be great choices for those hesitant to consume raw fish.


Toppings can vary greatly depending on personal preference and food sensitivities. Popular toppings include:

  • avocado
  • cucumber
  • fresh seaweed
  • mango
  • edamame
  • green onions
  • sesame seeds

Additional toppings you may see included are masago (capelin fish eggs), furikake (Japanese rice seasoning), or even crispy onions for added texture, taste, and visual appeal.


Think of a poke bowl’s sauce as the ribbon on top of a present. It’s the final ingredient that really ties the whole dish together.

Traditional sauces include soy-based sauces like tamari or oyster sauce, with variations including spicy mayo, sriracha, ponzu sauce (Japanese dipping sauce), umami-rich sauces, or sesame oil.

Remember, when choosing your sauce/s you’ll want to take your poke bowl ingredients into consideration. Creating a balanced and flavorful dish is the ultimate goal!

Regional Variations

As we’ve learned, the poke bowl has diverse variations worldwide. Here are a few examples of unique regional poke bowls:

  • Japanese-inspired: variations may include nori (seaweed), wasabi, and ponzu sauce
  • Korean-inspired: variations may include kimchi and gochujang sauce
  • Mexican-inspired: variations may include cilantro and jalapeños
  • Latin-inspired: variations may include avocado and mango
  • Mediterranean-inspired: variations may include olives and feta
  • Thai-inspired: variations may include chili peppers, lime, and Thai basil
  • United States Mainland-inspired: variations may include quinoa and kale

Buddha Bowls & Grain Bowls: Same as Poke Bowls?

Technically, no. Buddha bowls and grain bowls are not the same as poke bowls. Poke bowls, with their emphasis on fresh fish like sushi-grade ahi tuna and salmon, set themselves apart from other “bowls” with a focus on fresh, marinated seafood.

Buddha Bowl

A Buddha bowl usually encompasses a well-rounded meal with a grain base, lots of vegetables, a protein source, and a flavorful dressing. This kind of bowl is more of a concept, it’s not a traditional dish from a specific region.

Additionally, all ingredients are mixed together in the bowl. This differs from a poke bowl, where the ingredients are kept separated.

Different ingredients are also used including: beans, lentils, chickpeas, chicken, beef, tempeh, and sometimes peanut-based sauces.

While the Buddha bowl is similar to the poke bowl in that some ingredients are cooked and some are raw, this bowl is typically more of a salad + stir fry-esque dish.

Grain Bowl

On the other hand, a grain bowl focuses more heavily on the grain element, such as quinoa, couscous, or farro, and less on the protein. This often results in a vegetarian or vegan dish.

While grain bowls can be made vegan or vegetarian, they can also include

animal-based protein sources such as eggs, chicken, beef, or steak. Nuts and seeds are also common grain bowl ingredients.

As you can see, the above bowls are similar but not quite the same. Based on protein sources alone, Buddha bowls and grain bowls are most similar. Poke bowls differ here due to their use of marinated raw fish and seafood.

Poke Bowl Nutrition and Health Benefits

When it comes to nutrition, poke bowls are a great option for those looking for a healthy and balanced meal. From the base to the toppings, poke bowl ingredients can offer many health benefits.

Health Benefits

Poke bowls are typically made with a base of rice or mixed greens, which provide complex carbohydrates for energy and fiber for digestive health. The addition of fresh vegetables, such as cucumber, avocado, and seaweed, provide multiple vitamins and minerals, including vitamin C, vitamin K, and potassium.

Additionally, including raw fish, such as tuna or salmon, provides a good source of protein and omega-3 fatty acids. These nutrients have been shown to have numerous health benefits, including reducing inflammation, and improving cognitive function and heart health.

Poke bowls can also be a good option for those following a vegetarian diet if opting for tofu or other plant-based proteins instead of fish. Many poke bowl ingredients are nutrient-dense and low in saturated fats, making them a heart-friendly choice.

Dietary Considerations

While poke bowls can be a healthy option, it is important to be mindful of the ingredients and toppings that are added. Some toppings, such as fried wontons or tempura flakes, can add a lot of calories and unhealthy saturated fats. Additionally, some sauces, such as sriracha mayo or eel sauce, can be high in sugar and sodium.

If you are watching your calorie or sodium intake, try using less sauce or try asking for your sauce on the side when ordering at restaurants. You can also forgo fried toppings and instead choose toppings like edamame or pickled ginger. These toppings can add flavor and nutrition without the extra calories.

Overall, poke bowls can be a healthy and delicious meal option. By choosing fresh, whole food ingredients (instead of processed toppings and dressings) and being mindful of portion sizes, you can enjoy a nutritious and satisfying meal that is packed with both nutrition and flavor.

Making Your Own Poke Bowl

Creating your own poke bowl is a great way to personalize your meal to your taste and flavor preferences. Remember that the main components of the poke bowl – marinade and toppings – are what enhance the flavor profile.

Fresh Ingredients

Keep reading for some tips on selecting the freshest and best ingredients.

  • Rice: choose brown rice when able. Brown rice (a whole grain) offers more fiber, antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals, than white rice. Brown rice is also a complex carbohydrate and takes longer to digest – reducing blood sugar spikes.
  • Fish: choose high-quality, sushi-grade fish like ahi tuna or salmon. Make sure the fish is bright in color and has only a mild smell – smelly or graying fish should be avoided.
  • Vegetables: choose fresh vegetables – in-season veggies tend to be cheaper and easier to find. Popular choices include avocado, cucumber, and seaweed.
  • Sauces: don’t be afraid to mix-and-match, or make your own sauce! Popular choices include soy-based sauces like tamari, sesame oil, and rice vinegar. Going for spicy? Try some wasabi.

Poke Bowl Assembly

Once you have all of your ingredients gathered, you’re ready to make your poke bowl. Here are the steps:

  1. Cook rice according to package instructions. Set aside to cool.
  2. Cut fish into bite-sized pieces and marinate in your chosen sauce for at least 10–15 minutes.
  3. Wash, dry, and cut vegetables into bite-sized pieces.
  4. Assemble the poke bowl by placing rice on the bottom, followed by fish and vegetables.
  5. Drizzle your sauce over the bowl.
  6. Garnish with your choice of sesame seeds, green onions, or other toppings as desired.

Congrats! You’ve created a customized poke bowl from the comfort of your home.

Poke Bowls, But Make Them Vegetarian

If your mouth has been watering reading about poke bowls, but you’re following a vegetarian diet, don’t stress!

Making a poke bowl vegetarian is as simple as swapping out the marinated raw fish for marinated tempeh or marinated tofu. Tofu comes in different textures, from silken (the softest type) to super firm. Experiment with the different textures, paired with your favorite ingredients, to find the perfect fit for your poke bowl.

Benefits of Homemade Poke Bowls

By making a poke bowl at home, you can cut down on food waste. How? By using extra ingredients from other dishes. Small portions of these ingredients can go straight into your poke bowl.

Sliced some veggies for a grilled chicken salad? Toss the extra veggies in your poke bowl. Made extra rice for the week? You’ve got it – spoon some into your poke bowl.

Using extra ingredients helps to make poke bowls convenient and quick to make. With just a little bit of food prep and separating out larger portions of food, you’ll have your own poke bowl made in no time.

Wrap-Up: What is a Poke Bowl?

In learning all about the poke bowl, we’ve seen its versatility and appeal. As a customizable dish, it provides a healthy balance of proteins, carbohydrates, and healthy fats.

Originating from Hawaiian cuisine, poke bowls are comprised of marinated raw fish, with a base of rice or greens, and many different toppings such as avocado, cucumber, and seaweed.

The traditional recipe centers around raw fish, but the poke bowl is easy to adapt to fit any dietary preference with alternatives like tofu or cooked seafood. Additionally, customizable sauces allow the poke bowl to suit any palate desired.

We hope you are inspired to create your own version of the poke bowl!

My Wife the Dietitian

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